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FORJAD (Formation pour Jeunes Adultes en Difficulté) : vocational training for youth in difficulty.
Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
The program aims to social and professional integration of young adults in social assistance, helping them find vocational training. It offers a close follow-up and support during the preparation of entering vocational training, during the vocational training itself, and during the job search afterwards.
Type of Policy
Duration of the policy
Starting year: 2006 as a pilot project. In 2009 the authorities of the Canton of Vaud decided to make it a durable project.
Scope of innovation
- Budgets: about 8 million CHF ? 6,58 million Euros - for the preparatory measures and, thereafter, about 2300 CHF ? 1892 Euros - per young adult per month (for living, education, follow-up and placement during and after education)
- Number of intended beneficiaries: Unknown (the number of youth following the program has steadily increased between 2006 (132) and 2009 (244), with an average of 198 youth per year)
- Spatial coverage: Cantonal
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The program aims at the labour market integration of young adults in social assistance, helping them find a vocational training and supporting them throughout the integration procedure, ideally until their labour market integration.
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
moderate programmatic change: Diminishing the share of young adults at risk of becoming dependent on the long run on social assistance, being marginalized and fall into poverty traps.
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
- encompassing security
Type of innovation
- new policy, practice or measure
- job guidance, coaching and/or counselling (help during search of vocational training and close follow-up during the training itself.)
- subsidies/tax-credits (scholarship)
- training schemes (vocational training)
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
The project also wishes to increase the attractiveness of vocational training while making social assistance less attractive: the scholarship for young dependents used to be very low, therefore the incentive to seek social assistance was quite big.
Intended target group
Young adults (18-25 years) in receipt of social assistance.
Working age population
- educational level (low/medium/high) (low)
- employment situation (unemployed)
- main source of income: social protection (Social Assistance)
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
- agency or national social insurance body (Social insurance of the Canton of Vaud)
- regional government (Canton of Vaud)
Clarification of the role of various actors
Collaboration between the cantonal social affairs department; education and youth department; and the economy department. These three departments of the canton of Vaud collaborate in this project in order to allow young adults (of whom more than 75% have no professional education) to achieve a certified professional degree. The project grants them sufficient revenue to live and to pay for their educational expenses.
- job guidance, coaching and counselling
- training schemes
Intended and unintended outcomes
65% of participants obtained the diploma. 545 young adults have graduated since 2006.
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
The project supports the labour market inclusion of young adults in receipt of social assistance who are at risk of long-term labour market exclusion. Supporting them on different spheres (organizational, psychological, financial, etc.) along all steps from vocational training till job search, the project is able to (re)integrate some of these young adults on the labour market, taking them off social assistance.