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"Emplois de solidarit": solidarity jobs

Country of implementation
Switzerland
General short description of the innovation
Solidarity jobs are jobs in not-for-profit organization for unemployed people who are no longer eligible for unemployment benefits. The salaries are to a great extent covered by the State, while the organizations are the employers. The objective on the long term is to allow people to find a job on the ?ordinary? labour market. The personal advisor of the placement office has to propose the person who comes to an end of its right to unemployment benefits for a solidarity job, considering various factor, e.g. motivation. Moreover, the offer focuses on people who face more difficulties to find a job due to age (55 years and more), education (no education recognized in Switzerland), employment record (fractioned, little qualifying), family situation (single-parent family, person living alone, etc.). / General eligibility criteria: the person has to live in the canton of Geneva; must have received unemployment benefits; must not have participated to a cantonal reinsertion measure; must not have been sanctioned for more than 30 days by the unemployment insurance; must not hold a N, B or student permit; must not be in the process of applying for invalidity insurance; must not be in the process of opening a new right to unemployment benefits. /
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
  • wage
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
In force since 1st of February 2008 (cantonal law on unemployment).
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: structural
  • Budgets: unknown
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: unknown
  • Spatial coverage: Cantonal (Geneva)
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The aim of the project is to help people at the end of their right to unemployment benefits to get a job in the ?ordinary? labour market by offering them a job in a not-for-profit organization as a transitory solution.
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
rather weak programmatic change
Type of innovation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
  • others (Possibility to work)
  • wages (However a critique of the project is that wages are often very low, too low to live on.)
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
Solidarity jobs give the participants the opportunity to work and sometimes to follow courses instead of simply relying on social assistance. However, the program has been criticized because, despite the formal encouragement by the authorities to offer trainings to the participants, very little training opportunities are offered by the partner not-for-profit organizations. Other critiques concern wages, which sometimes are very low and not enough to live on, and the type of jobs which can be unpleasant and not rightly equipped.
Intended target group
Unemployed people at the end of the right to unemployment benefits.
Working age population
  • educational level (low/medium/high) (low)
  • employment situation (Unemployed)
  • main source of income: social protection (Unemployment benefits)
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • private not-for-profit organisations (e.g. Third Sector organisation or NGO)
  • regional government (Canton of Geneva)
Clarification of the role of various actors
The salaries are to a great extent covered by the Cantonal State, while the not-for-profit organizations are the employers.
Intended output
  • others (Possibility to work)
  • wages
Intended and unintended outcomes
between February 2008 and September 2009, out of 304 participants, 7 have been reintegrated on the ?ordinary? labour market. No more recent data has been found.
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