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← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe

Personal Independence Payment

Country of implementation
United Kingdom
General short description of the innovation
The payment is available to help people aged 16 to 64 years with extra costs caused by a health condition or disability and replaces the Disability Living Allowance (DLA). It is non-means-tested, non-contributory, and can be paid whether the recipient is employed or not. PIP is based upon the effects of a condition on a person rather than the condition itself. In contrast to the DLA, PIP claimants are required to undergo periodic assessments of their needs with face-to-face consultations and regular reviews. / / The payment consists of two components, the daily living and the mobility component, and will be made up of one or both of these components. Each component will have two rates, a standard and enhanced rate. The assessment for PIP will focus on the person?s ability to carry out everyday activities, the challenges faced, and the support needed, rather than the individual capability to work, as in the Work Capability Assessment.
Target group
Policy Field
  • social
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
introduced in June 2013
Scope of innovation
  • Spatial coverage: national
Type of innovation
  • retrenchment or expansion of an existing/earlier policy
New outputs
  • benefit eligibility
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
Regular assessment of the needs for more tailored benefit support with extra costs caused by a health condition or disability.
Intended target group
People with health condition or disability at working age (16-64)
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (Social Security Agency)
  • central state
Clarification of the role of various actors
A report on the personal assessment will be sent to the Social Security Agency. An SSA decision maker will review the evidence including the report from the health professional. A decision will then be made on entitlement, level of award and the length of any award.
Intended output
  • benefit duration
  • benefit eligibility
  • others (daily living support)
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
rather indirectlyrather indirectly
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
Although the payment is directly linked the person?s ability to carry out everyday activities, rather than the individual capability to work, its payment can help facilitate labour market participation and individuals financial flexibility to stay attached to the labour market.
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