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Integration allowance (reform of the waiting allowance)

Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
Waiting allowances are a specific form of unemployment allowances granted to young school leavers in Belgium who never worked and consequently never contributed to the unemployment benefit system. They can receive a waiting benefit after a certain ?waiting period? (unpaid period between leaving education and receiving the 1st allowance).The benefits are lump sums depending on their age and family situation, and are only slightly above the level of social assistance benefits. / / The reform of the waiting allowance in 2012 tightened the eligibility conditions for this benefit to strengthen job search incentives and prevent abuse of the measure: / - The ?waiting period? has been extended from 6,9,12 months (depending on age) to 12 months for all new applicants. / - The duration of the benefit (previously unlimited) has been limited to three years, although there are some exceptions. / - The benefit is restricted to under 30 years olds. / / The waiting period has been renamed into professional integration period while ?waiting allowances? turned into ?integration allowances?. /
Target group
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
The reform of the waiting allowance entered into force on 1 January 2012.
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: structural
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
Boost early labour market participation and prevent youth unemployment by strengthening job search incentives for the young unemployed.
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • encompassing security
  • liberalisation
  • others (decreasing social protection )
Type of innovation
  • retrenchment or expansion of an existing/earlier policy
New outputs
  • benefit duration
  • benefit eligibility
Intended target group
Young unemployed who do not have contributed yet or have not contributed sufficiently to the unemployment social security system.
Working age population
  • main source of income: social protection
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (National employment agency (RVA))
Intended output
  • benefit duration
  • benefit eligibility
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
No evaluations available yet.
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