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Reform of the job search requirements

Country of implementation
Belgium
General short description of the innovation
Unemployment benefits are conditioned on availability requirements and the willingness to accept suitable job offers. The concept of ?suitable employment? is based on legal criteria such as the distance to the workplace, wage and the job function which define the kind of job a jobseeker must accept if he has no legitimate reasons to turn it down. Furthermore, also other criteria such as the duration of the employment offered, linguistic issues, and political or ideological convictions of the jobseeker can play a role. / / A 2012 reform restricted these criteria: / - Jobseekers will no longer be able to refuse a suitable job within a minimum distance of 60km of one?s home (before 25km). / - The right to search for the same kind of job has been restricted to three months for young unemployed and five months for other unemployed. / / Sanctions in case of non-compliance may include temporary reduction, suspension or permanent cessation of benefit payments. /
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
    Type of Policy
    • public
    Duration of the policy
    The stricter criteria for suitable employment came into force on January 1, 2012.
    Scope of innovation
    • Scope: structural
    • Spatial coverage: national
    General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
    - Provide stronger incentives to take up work and encourage job seekers to return to the labour market more quickly. / - Increase the occupational and geographical mobility of job seekers /
    Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
    • encompassing security
    • liberalisation
    Type of innovation
    • retrenchment or expansion of an existing/earlier policy
    New outputs
    • benefit duration
    • benefit eligibility
    • benefit level
    Intended target group
    Unemployed
    Working age population
    • employment situation (Unemployed )
    Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
    • central state (National Employment Office (RVA))
    Clarification of the role of various actors
    It is the director of the unemployment office (Local unit of the National Employment Office) who assesses whether a job is rightly refused. If the jobseeker refuses a suitable job, then he runs the risk of losing completely or partially his unemployment benefits.
    Intended output
    • benefit duration
    • benefit eligibility
    • benefit level
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