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Job program refugees

Country of implementation
The Netherlands
General short description of the innovation
A temporary public-private initiative to realise job placements of refugees who face five to ten times higher unemployment than native Dutch citizens. The innovation consists of public-private cooperation between the national refugee organization, unemployment agency UWV, a social enterprise supported by a commercial temp agency and employers to realise job guidance adapted to the situation of refugees, work experience and job placements.
Target group
Migrants
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public-private partnership
  • social partnership
Duration of the policy
2005-2008
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Temporary
  • Budgets: 5.8 million
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: 2600 refugees to be placed in work
  • Spatial coverage: National
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
This program intends to realise job placements in work of easy to place refugees as well as voluntary work or working experience for harder to place refugees. The program combines expertise of the refugee organisation with expertise of the unemployment agency UWV and a private temp agency to realise placements. Moreover, agreements with employers have been made to get easier access to vacancies for this target group.
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
Temporary program, but with the objective to use the gained experience within existing programs and institutions
Type of innovation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
  • governance
  • job guidance, coaching and/or counselling
  • learning workplaces
  • services
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
The program offers individual job guidance which is adapted to the specific situation of refugees (who are often confronted with psychic problems, are relatively older and often lack acknowledged skills). Also, agreements with employers have been made on vacancies for refugees.
Intended target group
Unemployed refugees
Working age population
  • employment situation (Unemployed)
  • income level (low/medium/high) (Low)
  • main source of income: social protection (Most unemployed refugees depend on social protection)
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (Unemployment agency UWV offered facilities for job placements and searching of vacancies, selection of easy to place refugees)
  • central state (Financial support)
  • employers (organised or individual) (Employers organization invested in gaining access to vacancies)
  • private not-for-profit organisations (e.g. Third Sector organisation or NGO) (The Dutch refugee organization was the main implementing organization of the program, also a social temp agency linked to a commercial temp agency was involved)
Clarification of the role of various actors
The program has been implemented by a network of public and private organizations, led by the Dutch refugee organization.
Intended output
  • governance
  • job guidance, coaching and counselling
  • services
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
1807 refugees have been placed in paid work and 520 in work experience place or voluntary work, 2327 placements in total. This means 90% of the target has been met. 4000 refugees have been approached for the project, which means 60% of them have been placed in work or a work experience place.
Intended and unintended outcomes
Out of 4000 refugees that were approached, 1807 were placed in work (45%) and 520 in voluntary work or working experience (13%)
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
The job placements were primarily realized with easy to place refugees. The evaluation (done by the organisation itself) considers the program a big success given the number of placements realized. However, a net effect has not been measured although the refugees who found work were considered ?easy to place?. Moreover, the program took place in a period in which the labour market was favourable, with high demand for labor. Thus, the dead-weight loss may have been high. The cooperation with employers appears to have helped refugees to gain access to vacancies. It is not clear whether the lessons learned in the program have been transferred to the labour market organizations. Therefore, the gross placement rate of 45% indicates the program used a successful method to re-integrate this vulnerable group in a favourable labour market. Even if the net effect is probably lower, it is plausible the method has had added value given the specific problems of refugees in the labor market.
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