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Easier conditions for the seasonal employment of migrant workers in the agricultural sector

Country of implementation
Hungary
General short description of the innovation
In order to address an existing demand by farmers and agricultural enterprises for seasonal labour (to alleviate seasonal labour shortages) the government eased the conditions for the seasonal employment of migrant workers in the agricultural sector as of May 1 2004. The deadline for issuing a work permit is reduced to 15 days, and the vacancy has to be reported 15 days prior to the application for the permit. The permit can be issued upon an assessment of the labour market situation (needs-test). The visa and work permit are issued for a certain period within which the seasonal migrant worker is allowed to take up employment more than once, for limited periods. With the seasonal work permit for agriculture migrant workers can work altogether up to 150 days per year, and with the seasonal residence visa they are entitled to multiple entries.
Target group
Migrants
Policy Field
  • social
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
2004
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: temporary
  • Budgets: n.a.
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The main objectives of the government with the current measure was to alleviate seasonal labour shortages in the agricultural sector promoting flexibility. As a considerable number of migrant workers ? mainly ethnic Hungarians from Ukraine and Romania (both 3rd country in 2004) ? find seasonal employment in labour-intensive agricultural activities the government eased the conditions for the seasonal employment of migrant workers in the agricultural sector as of May 1 2004. The deadline for issuing a work permit is reduced to 15 days, and the vacancy has to be reported 15 days prior to the application for the permit. The permit can be issued upon an assessment of the labour market situation (needs-test). The visa and work permit are issued for a certain period within which the seasonal migrant worker is allowed to take up employment more than once, for limited periods. With the seasonal work permit for agriculture migrant workers can work altogether up to 150 days per year, and with the seasonal residence visa they are entitled to multiple entries. The permit indicates the employer, the job and the duration of employment. Seasonal work permits for the agricultural sector are registered by the Employment Office. / / http://econ.core.hu/file/download/HLM2005/TheHungarianLabourMarket_2005_onefile.pdf, p133 /
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
Easier to obtain seasonal work permits for the agricultural sector for migrant workers
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
To alleviate seasonal labour shortages in the agricultural sector promoting flexibility
Type of innovation
  • other (new legislation on work permit for immigrants)
New outputs
  • others (new legislation on work permit for immigrants)
Intended target group
agricultural enterprises, immigrants
Employers-private institutional actors
agricultural enterprises
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (Employment Office)
  • beneficiaries/users (3rd country immigrants)
  • employers (organised or individual) (agricultural enterprises)
Clarification of the role of various actors
Seasonal work permits for the agricultural sector are registered by the Employment Office.
Intended output
  • others (new legislation on work permit for immigrants)
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
to alleviate seasonal labour shortages in the agricultural sector
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
The main objectives of the government with the current measure was to alleviate seasonal labour shortages in the agricultural sector promoting flexibility.
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