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Government Strategy and Action Plan to Promote the Social Integration of the Roma Population

Country of implementation
Hungary
General short description of the innovation
Launch of labour market insertion programmes that combine training and work practice for the young unemployed, the positive discrimination of Roma applicants in labour centres when hiring new sta?, and the improvement of the public work programmes to help participants to enter and remain on the open labour market. /
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
2004
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: temporal
  • Budgets: 15.3 million EUR
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: employment of 12?13 thousands people
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The Government adopted a programme (1021/2004. (III. 18.) Government Resolution on a Government Strategy and Action Plan) of the Roma Population for the social integration of the Roma population in the spring of 2004 which also stipulates objectives for the Ministry of Employment and Labour.These include among others the launch of labour market insertion programmes that combine training and work practice for the young unemployed, the positive discrimination of Roma applicants in labour centres when hiring new sta? , and the improvement of the public work programmes to help participants to enter and remain on the open labour market. / / For public work programmes a total funding of 4 billion HUF was available in 2004 which covered the employment costs of 12?13 thousand persons along the following objectives: / ? improvement of the employment situation and living conditions of the long-term unemployed and disadvantaged people, particularly the Roma population ? a national programme with a budget of 1.306 billion HUF; / ? public work programmes in the seven disadvantaged regions with a total budget of 1.08 billion HUF (Ngrd and Bcs-Kiskun counties took part in the national programme, while Borsod-Abaj-Zempln, Szabolcs-Szatmr-Bereg, Bks, Jsz-Nagykun-Szolnok and Somogy counties designed joint programmes with the participation of the county territorial development councils and the MoEL. Development councils supplemented the funding with their own resources.); / ? public work programme within the framework of Vsrhelyi-Plan with a budget of 0.5 billion HUF; / ? public work to support the motorway construction programme with a budget of 0.25 billion HUF (which was supplemented by the National Motorway Holding with an additional 0.3 billion HUF) / / Furthermore, in May 2004 a forestry public work programme was launched that carries out the maintenance of hiking trails, pruning, waste collection and general forestry works in the 19 state-owned forestry compa-nies supervised by the National Privatisation and State Holding Company. The programme gave priority to those forestry companies that are located in the Eastern part of the country. It provided temporary employment for nearly 1500 long-term unemployed persons from mid-June until November. h e forestry companies applying for funding were obliged to organize preparatory training for the participants and maintain some of the jobs for at least 3 months after the end of the programme. Workers were recruited mainly among Roma people between the ages of 25 and 45 who were registered as unemployed for at least 6 months and lived in under-privileged settlements. The forestry public work programme received a total of 0.75 billion HUF public funding out of which 0.56 billion was provided jointly by the Ministry of Employment and Labour and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and 0.2 billion HUF by the National Privatisation and State Holding Company. Public funding was supplemented by the resources of the forestry companies. / / http://econ.core.hu/file/download/HLM2005/TheHungarianLabourMarket_2005_onefile.pdf, p138-139 / / /
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
launch of labour market insertion programmes that combine training and work practice for the young unemployed, the positive discrimination of Roma applicants in labour centres when hiring new sta? , and the improvement of the public work programmes to help participants to enter and remain on the open labour market.
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
social integration of the Roma population
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • others (specific programme for Roma)
Type of innovation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
  • others (combination of several measures)
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
Combination of several measures: training and work practice for the young unemployed, the positive discrimination of Roma applicants in labour centres when hiring new sta? , and the improvement of the public work programmes to help participants to enter and remain on the open labour market.public work programmes.
Intended target group
Roma people
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (Job Centres)
  • beneficiaries/users (Roma people)
  • municipal government (organising public work)
Intended output
  • others (combination of several measures)
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
positive discrimination of Roma applicants in labour centres when hiring new sta?to help participants to enter and remain on the open labour market through public work programmes
Intended and unintended outcomes
employment of 12?13 thousands people
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
Employment can be boosted by the labour market integration of those groups of working age that are not present on the labour market. One of these groups are Roma population, a group with disadvantaged social situation. The current programme aimed at promoting the social integration of the Roma population through a combination of various measures. /
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