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Legislative Decree 276/2003 Regulation on employment and labour market (Biagi Reform)

Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
Part of this Act is specifically meant at rearranging the forms of flexible job contracts: 1) converted Coordinated and Continuous Collaborations (Quasi-subordinate employment) into Project-Work and into Occasional Work; 2) changed Temporary Agencies work (Lavoro Interinale) into Dispensed Work (Lavoro Somministrato); 3) made more flexible the use of Part-Time work, by means of Flexible Clauses that can be agreed even without the social actors agreement /
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
From 2003 modified by L 247/2007, L 80/2007, L 2 /2009 and L 92/2012
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Structural
  • Spatial coverage: National
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
Increasing flexibility within the Italian labour market /
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • dualisation
  • liberalisation
Type of innovation
  • retrenchment or expansion of an existing/earlier policy
New outputs
  • regulations of the labour market (Liberalization of the labour market)
Intended target group
All atypical workers
Working age population
  • employment situation (All measures are aimed at increasing paid work and enhanced employment situation of workers)
  • main source of income: paid work
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • central state
  • employers (organised or individual) (organised)
  • municipal government
  • regional government
Clarification of the role of various actors
Actors are involved by means of collective agreements
Intended output
  • regulation of the labour market (Rearranging flexible contracts is the main output of this act)
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
Intended: Liberalization and flexibilization of labour market, improve labour market participation especially in temporary work, simplify temporary jobs contrats system.Dualization: unintended
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