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← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe

Legislative Decree 112-2008 or Law 133-2008 Rules on economic development and competitiveness

Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
This Act ruled four pillars of the Italian labour market arrangements: a) reasons to justify the use of Fixed-Term work have been extended to all employers' ordinary activities (modified DL 368/2001); b) introduced liberalisations elements at the use of Subsidiary contracts; c) as well as the use of flexible jobs and contracts within the public sector; d) Hi-Education type of Apprentiseship had been extended at universities' PhDs and researchers, and apprentices can be enrolled even within the public employers /
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
From 2009 onward
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Structural
  • Budgets: The whole budget funded by this law is 1.520 million ? for 2008, 5.570 million ? for 2009, 4.203 million ? for 2010 and 4.480 million ? for 2011
  • Spatial coverage: National
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
Measure a), b) and c) aimed at reinforcing liberalization within the Italian labour market; Measure d) enhanced and extended apprenticeship /
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • liberalisation
Type of innovation
  • retrenchment or expansion of an existing/earlier policy
New outputs
  • regulations of the labour market (Measure c) is an important output of liberalization processes; Measure d) represents an innovative extension of apprenticeship)
Intended target group
All non standard workers; Apprentices /
Working age population
  • employment situation (Non standard working age population is affected, increasing their participation rate into the labour market)
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • central state
Clarification of the role of various actors
Local actors, local authorities and private actors are involved in implementing measure d) /
Intended output
  • regulation of the labour market (Measures a), b) and c) aimed at extending liberalization within the labour forces by rearranging flexible contracts; Measure d) aimed at reinforcing apprenticeship frame by extending to new categories of workers)
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