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← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe

Premium for not using childcare

Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
Mothers and fathers with children under the age of three who do not make use of any public childcare are eligible for a premium family benefit (so called Betreuungsgeld) to the amount of 100 Euro in 2013 and 150 Euro in 2014. The employment status of mother and/or father is irrelevant for eligibility. This means that even dual-earner families are eligible to the premium, as far as they do not make any use of public childcare facilities.
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
  • family
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
2013; open-ended
Scope of innovation
  • Budgets: no fixed budget. The planned budget is 300 million Euro for 2013 and about 1.2 billion Euro between 2014 and 2016
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: Not applicable
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The main objective is to ensure the freedom of parents to choose between different childcare opportunities. In addition, the premium shall support and recognise the efforts of those parents not making any use of public childcare facilities.
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • typical strategy for the innovation (optional; according to Obinger)-others (the best term to describe this innovation seems to be Retraditionalisation. )
Type of innovation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
  • benefit eligibility (Eligibility requires that parents do not make any use of public childcare facilities. )
Intended target group
Women and men with children under the age of three years who do not make/or do not want to make any use of public childcare facilities.
Working age population
  • care responsibilities (care for children [0-16/16+], for elderly or other family members) (Care for children [0-14 months/28 months])
  • main source of income: paid work
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-central state
Intended output
  • benefit eligibility
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
There is already some empirical evidence that the premium for not using public childcare facilities seems to be especially attractive to low-skilled households as well as families in the low pay sector. This, in turn, might be harmful for the children in these households because they are more in need of public education (e.g. regarding language acquisition) than children of other societal groups because there are a higher / share of migrant families in those groups. In the long-term this might be harmful for labour market inclusion because especially this children a far from having comparable capabilities when entering school as children from other societal groups especially because of a lack of language skills.
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