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← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe

Legislation on equal treatment (anti-discrimination)

Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
In 2006, four European directives (2000/43/EC; 2000/78/EC; 2002/73/EC; 2004/113/EC) against discrimination were implemented in national legislation. A practical consequence was establishing a Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency which must report to the national parliament every four years about the state of equal treatment, and give policy recommendations. The agency may initiate scientific surveys about discrimination.
Target group
Total Population
Policy Field
  • employment
  • equal opportunities
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
starting 2006; open-ended
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: structural innovation insofar as Germany had little tradition in anti-discrimination as an individual right
  • Budgets: not specific budget attached
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: Not specified
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
Legislation was primarily and explicitly motivated by the necessity to implement European directives in national law. Legislation was not preceded by a social movement or broad public discussion.
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
The existence of the law and of the Anti-Discrimination Agency may change the way discrimination issues are dealt with in the long run.
Type of innovation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
    Intended target group
    The law addresses discrimination because of race, ethnic origin, gender, religion or creed, disability, age or sexual identity.
    Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
    • making/implementation and/or evaluation-central state
    Intended output
      Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
      No quantifiable outcome. Actually, migrants have participated under-proportionally in the general improvement of the German labour market, so that the gap between nationals and non-nationals has widened.
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