← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe
Legislation on equal treatment (anti-discrimination)
Country of implementation
General short description of the innovation
In 2006, four European directives (2000/43/EC; 2000/78/EC; 2002/73/EC; 2004/113/EC) against discrimination were implemented in national legislation. A practical consequence was establishing a Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency which must report to the national parliament every four years about the state of equal treatment, and give policy recommendations. The agency may initiate scientific surveys about discrimination.
- equal opportunities
Type of Policy
Duration of the policy
starting 2006; open-ended
Scope of innovation
- Scope: structural innovation insofar as Germany had little tradition in anti-discrimination as an individual right
- Budgets: not specific budget attached
- Number of intended beneficiaries: Not specified
- Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
Legislation was primarily and explicitly motivated by the necessity to implement European directives in national law. Legislation was not preceded by a social movement or broad public discussion.
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
The existence of the law and of the Anti-Discrimination Agency may change the way discrimination issues are dealt with in the long run.
Type of innovation
- new policy, practice or measure
Intended target group
The law addresses discrimination because of race, ethnic origin, gender, religion or creed, disability, age or sexual identity.
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
- making/implementation and/or evaluation-central state
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
No quantifiable outcome. Actually, migrants have participated under-proportionally in the general improvement of the German labour market, so that the gap between nationals and non-nationals has widened.