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School-to-VET-to-work programmes

Country of implementation
Germany
General short description of the innovation
The term School-to-VET-to-Work describes not an isolated measure or rather programme, but provides a bundle of measures/programs to avoid youth unemployment. To this extent, the majority of the activity supported by the measures/programmes can be viewed as a targeted support for the transition successful transition from school to vocational training. In this respect, the following three measures can be characterized as particularly important for the supported transition from school to VET: / 1. Training Pact: A tripartite agreement between the umbrellas organisations of trade unions and employers¡ associations, as well as the Federal Government aimed to provide training opportunities to all young people (especially school-leavers). As part of the initial agreement, the employers promised to provide 30.000 additional apprenticeship training positions between 2005 and 2007. In addition, the Federal government agreed to increase the apprenticeship training positions in the federal administration by 20%. As part of the Training PactŒ a further programme for underprivileged young people was initiated. Its main aim is the provision of 25.000 on-the-job training places to acquire some essential entry qualifications. The on-the-job training should last between six and twelve months and was initially set up in ten major industrial sectors. The first agreement was extended for another three years. In 2010, the training pact has been extended a second time until 2014. However, as demographic change has lead in the meantime to a lack of applicants (instead of a lack of companies willing/able to provide apprenticeship training positions), the focus of the programme has switched to young people still facing difficulties to manage the transition from school to vocational training successfully. This includes previously unplaced applicants as well as young people with migratory background, learning difficulties, disabilities and further social disadvantages. One central measure is the new programme Qualify and Connect ¤ the education chain up to qualificationŒ. / 2. Qualify and Connect: The programme aims to improve the transition from school to vocational training qualitatively through a bundle of already existing and tested tools (capability analysis; vocational and personal guidance; mentoring) / 3. Jobstarter is a further funded programme to support the activities of the Training Pact. In this respect the Jobstarter-programme funds projects mainly aimed to support small and medium-sized companies in securing a sufficient supply of young, skilled workers. Among others these projects comprise the following: helping companies with the organisation and implementation of vocational training schemes, notifying the companies about important prerequisites and requirements of the respective vocational training schemes and identifying suitable applicants and trainees. /
Target group
Youth
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public
  • social partnership
Duration of the policy
Training Pact: 2004, 2014 but possibility for further extensions Qualify and Connect: 2010, at least 2014 Jobstarter: 2006, 2014 but possibility for further extensions
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Aimed to address changing needs of both young people and companies
  • Budgets: Training Pact: Not applicable Qualify and Connect: 460 million Ž until 2014 Jobstarter: 125 million Euro in 2013
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: 30.000 additional apprenticeship training positions in the private sector + about 25.000 training positions for on the job training. In addition the apprenticeship training positions in the federal government had been increase by 20%; To date (2013): 60.000 additional apprenticeship training positions/year; 30.000 training positions for on the job training and 10.000 training positions for on-the job-training for disadvantaged young people. Qualify and Connect: Assistance and support for at max 30.000 of young people in need of support. Jobstarter: Not applicable.
  • Spatial coverage: National
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The main objective is to avoid youth unemployment. To this extent, the majority of the activity supported by the measures/programmes can be viewed as a targeted support for the transition successful transition from school to vocational training.
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • typical strategy for the innovation (optional; according to Obinger)-others (Inclusion)
Type of innovation
  • new form of partnership or cooperation
New outputs
  • job guidance, coaching and/or counselling
  • training schemes
Intended target group
Young people facing difficulties in finding work or an apprenticeship.
Working age population
  • educational level (low/medium/high) (Usually low)
  • main source of income: paid work
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-agency or national social insurance body
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-central state
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-employees (organised or individual)
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-employers (organised or individual)
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-regional government
Intended output
  • job guidance, coaching and counselling
  • training schemes
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