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National Action Plan for the Inclusion of people with disabilities

Country of implementation
Germany
General short description of the innovation
The National Action Plan puts the UN convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities into practice. In this regard a core element is to improve the labour market situation of severely disabled people. In concrete terms, this means a better integration of severely disabled people on the regular, first, labour market by reducing the share of persons working in sheltered-workshops for the severely disabled. In this respect the following steps can be considered as most important for labour market resilience: / 1. Initiative for Training and Employment: Support especially for young people with disabilities to find an apprenticeship training position in a regular company. / 2. Inclusion Initiative: The first aim of the inclusion initiative is the improvement of vocational orientation of severely disabled pupils. Core elements are both a capability and potential analysis. A second aspect is the expansion of practical training for young people with serious disabilities. Furthermore the employment of older employees has to be promoted. / 3. Continuation and expansion of active in-company integration management for employees suffering from ling-term illnesses in small- and medium-sized enterprises. /
Target group
Disabled
Policy Field
  • equal opportunities
  • social
Type of Policy
  • public
  • social partnership
Duration of the policy
2011; 2020
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Temporary: The aim is to improve the labour market situation of severely disabled people by improving guidance and counselling. No structural changes planned.
  • Budgets: Inclusion initiative: 100 million
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: Not applicable
  • Spatial coverage: National, Federal and Regional
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The aim is to improve the labour market situation of severely disabled people by improving guidance and counselling. No structural changes planned.
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
The aim is to improve the labour market situation of severely disabled people by improving guidance and counselling. No structural changes planned.
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • typical strategy for the innovation (optional; according to Obinger)-others (Integration; social inclusion)
Type of innovation
  • new form of partnership or cooperation
New outputs
  • job guidance, coaching and/or counselling
  • training schemes
Intended target group
Severely disabled of all ages; However, particular focus on young people having severe disabilities; employees suffering from long-term illnesses
Working age population
  • main source of income: paid work
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-agency or national social insurance body
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-central state
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-employees (organised or individual)
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-employers (organised or individual)
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-municipal government
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-private not-for-profit organisations (e.g. Third Sector organisation or NGO)
  • making/implementation and/or evaluation-regional government
Clarification of the role of various actors
The inclusion initiative has been developed with the respective federal states (L?nder), the Federal Employment agency, chambers of trade, industry and commerce. The common task is to promote the developed instruments and give guidance to especially small- and medium-sized enterprises interested in implementing parts of the programme.
Intended output
  • job guidance, coaching and counselling
  • training schemes
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
To date, the outcome in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion is controversial. On the one hand, a better labour-market integration of severely disabled people might be beneficial for societal inclusion. In addition they are able to develop more marketable skills on the regular labour market than if they will start or continue to work in a sheltered workshop for the severely disabled, what might be beneficial for their resilience on the regular labour market On the other hand, there is some scientific discussion in Germany if inclusion in the regular or first labour market really meets the needs and capabilities of all severely disabled who will potentially benefitŒ from this broader approach. In sheltered workshops the workload and the complexity of tasks are more in accordance with the individual capability of the severely disabled person as it is the case in regular jobs. In addition, there is both a high degree of protection against dismissal and a good protection against social risk in sheltered workshops for severely disabled people. Hence, one has to weigh very precisely, in each individual case, if working in the regular labour is beneficial or harmful for the respective person. / /
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