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← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe

Measures concerning temporary labour migration from new member states

Country of implementation
The Netherlands
General short description of the innovation
A series of measures concerning labour law, social security and housing to confront expected side-effects of the free movement of workers from new member states (mainly eastern Europe). Measures are directed at strict control of eligibility rights with regards to social assistance, information campaigns for workers as well as measures to combat abuse of workers by employers and temp. agencies. Also, quality of housing of temporary migrant workers is addressed.
Target group
Migrants
Policy Field
  • employment
  • social
Type of Policy
  • public
Duration of the policy
Since 2011 a number of policies have been implemented.
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Structural
  • Spatial coverage: National
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The innovation consists of a package of measures to confront possible negative side-effects of (massive) temporary labour migration from new member states (mainly Poland, Bulgaria and Romania) because a working permit is no longer necessary following European legislation (for Bulagaria and Romania starting in 2014). Measures are directed at: information for migrant workers about their rights; better registration of migrant workers; strict control of existing regulation with regards to labour law, wages and social security (especially with regards to workers contracted via temp. agencies); housing; integration and language courses for migrants who decide and are allowed to stay for a longer period; facilitating remigration of migrant workers who are out of work but have no possibilities for return and run the risk of becoming homeless. / / Rights to social security (unemployment benefits) are related to working history and are not amended. Rights to social assistance are related to the right to stay in the country, which in turn is related to having an income. Since loosing income without right to UEB means the right to stay disappears, access to social assistance for labour migrants is formally difficult. The measures aim to actually control more strictly these eligibility rights by cooperation between municipalities who implement social assistance and the national agency IND which is responsible for permits to stay in the country. /
Nature of the innovation-long-term perspective
Structural
Type of innovation
  • other (The innovation consists of stricter enforcement of existing regulations as well as a of information campaigns and expansion of services (with respect to language training an remigration))
New outputs
  • others (A combination of measures, directed at both enforcement of existing regulation as well as information campaigns and some services)
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
The intended mechanism is to avoid negative social effects of labour migration whilst at the same acknowledging positive economic effects of labour migration. Strict enforcement of regulation is the main mechanism, supplemented by informational campaigns and specific measures with respect to housing (although housing is the responsibility of housing corporations, municipalities and private property owners), homelessness and remigration of migrants without work.
Intended target group
Labour migrants from new member states
Working age population
  • employment situation (Employed as well as unemployed migrant workers)
  • main source of income: paid work
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (Immigration office (IND), unemployment agency, agency for enforcement of labour law, tax office)
  • central state (Regulation)
  • private not-for-profit organisations (e.g. Third Sector organisation or NGO) (Housing corporations)
Clarification of the role of various actors
The measures address a range of organisations and institutional actors responsible for enforcement of labour law, social security and housing.
Intended output
  • others (A combination of measures, directed at both enforcement of existing regulation as well as information campaigns and some services)
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
This is a recent measure, no data on outcome are available yet. Enforcement measures with respect to illegal practices of temp. agencies have shown some results, in terms of administrative fines for these agencies and, in a number of cases, criminal prosecution.
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