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Job-guranatee for young people

Country of implementation
Sweden
General short description of the innovation
Implemented from the 1st of December in 2007, the job-guarantee for young people comprises those in the target group who have listed at the Public Employment Service (PES) office for 3 months. The job-guarantee starts with a follow-up and reinforcements of the young persons? job-search activities. This is followed by a matching process complemented with reinforcing efforts such as training or education of some sort. Attending in the job-guarantee program when having been appointed such is then a prerequisite for gaining any further unemployment insurance. / / The program replaces the previous communal youth programs (KUP) and the youth-guarantee (UG).
Target group
Youth
Policy Field
  • employment
Type of Policy
  • public
  • publicly mandated to non-state organisation
Duration of the policy
Starting year 1 december 2007, ongoing.
Scope of innovation
  • Scope: Structural
  • Budgets: -
  • Number of intended beneficiaries: -
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
The large unemployment numbers among young people in the Swedish labour force along with evaluations indicating that unemployment among young people during the initial years of entering the labour force tends to prolong their unemployment spells. Based on evaluations of previous measures against youth unemployment in Sweden, and studies from other countries shows that earlier Swedish programs my primarily have had a scare-off effect, as young people seem to have intensify their own job search so as not having to enter a program, thereby increasing the employment rate. Studies from Danish and British labour-market measures toward youth have also shown that an intensified job search with guidance was the most successful measure in increasing the employment rate among young. Therefore the strategy of the job-guarantee program for youth enters in what is described as quite early (after 3 months), and begins with intensified job-search and coaching measures with the objective of getting young people put on the labour market quicker so as to avoid longer spells of unemployment.
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
Short term perspective, aiming at reducing the rise in youth unemployment specifically during the last couple years, through reinforced labour market tools and support.
Type of ideal-typical strategy for the innovation
  • liberalisation
Type of innovation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
  • benefit eligibility
  • job guidance, coaching and/or counselling
  • training schemes
Clarification of intended mechanisms, outputs and outcomes (optional)
Initially job-coaching, career guidance etc., followed by possibility to education and/or training, unemployment benefits are conditioned upon participating in the program once having been assigned to it.
Intended target group
Young people ages 16-24
Working age population
  • employment situation
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • central state
Clarification of the role of various actors
New or reformed policies of this type requiring changes in legislation always go out on referral before being decided upon and implemented. Such referral instances usually include municipalities, social partners, evaluative public authorities and relevant interest organizations
Intended output
  • benefit eligibility
  • job guidance, coaching and counselling
  • training schemes
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
short-term effect (see Q. 32)
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
On a short-term basis the time of unemployment is decreased and young people seem to quicker get into the labor market. However, they then return within a short period of time, meaning no significant long-term employment increase among young as a result of this effort.
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