twitter   facebook   facebook
← Overview Database of Innovative Social Policies in Europe

Convenant with small and medium sized business (SME) on hiring ethnic minorities, including minorities with Dutch nationality as well as migrants without Dutch nationality.

Country of implementation
The Netherlands
General short description of the innovation
Convenant between government and SME sector to hire 20.000 people with minority background
Target group
Policy Field
  • employment
  • equal opportunities
Type of Policy
  • public
  • public-private partnership
Duration of the policy
Scope of innovation
  • Spatial coverage: national
General description of (intended) objectives and strategies
This convenant was meant to resolve the tension between high and unmet demand for labour in small and medium sized enterprises (sme) on the one hand and high unemployment of minorities on the other hand. The strategy consisted of intensified matching activities by the PES (CWI) and an agreement with sme-sectoral employer organisations to make vacancies especially available for minorities.
Nature of the innovation-short-term perspective
short term, temporary program
Type of innovation
  • new form of partnership or cooperation
  • new policy, practice or measure
New outputs
  • job guidance, coaching and/or counselling
  • others (arranging vacancies)
Intended target group
Unemployed with a minority background and the ability to start working immediately, the so-called ?phase 1 clients? without personal problems or other limitations to start working.
Working age population
  • main source of income: social protection (both ue-benefits as well as social assistance)
Actors involved in policy-making/implementation and/or evaluation
  • agency or national social insurance body (delivery of activation services)
  • central state (initiated the program)
  • employers (organised or individual) (sectoral organisations of small/medium sized companies acquired vacancies)
Clarification of the role of various actors
The central state has realized the convenant, CWI and employer organisations have implemented it by intensive matching of minorities and by making vacancies available.
Intended output
  • job guidance, coaching and counselling
  • lifelong learning
  • others (vacancies for the target group of ethnic minorities)
Did the innovation have any outcome related to job quantity?
47.000 unemployed have been placed, 65.000 vacancies were made available until 2002minorities have mostly been placed on flexible, temporary jobs, partly via temp agencies
Intended and unintended outcomes
47.000 unemployed have been placed, 65.000 vacancies were made available until 2002
Clarification of outcomes in terms of impacting resilience and labour market inclusion
The convenant is considered to have been successful, given the fact that much more minorities have been placed than was expected. Most of the unemployed that found a job were relatively young (under 25-36) and low-skilled. 57% had recent temporary working experience, suggesting that this target group depends on flexible, temporary jobs, partly via temp agencies. The convenant has not changed this. The evaluation does observe that minorities who enter jobs with regular employers (and not tem agencies) have a higher chance of being at work after one year, provided they do not lose their job in the first 6 months. In sum, this convenant appears to have increased chances for young minority workers to find atypical, mostly insecure jobs in a period of high labour demand. More vulnerable groups, ie long-term unemployed have not been reached by this convenant, given its target group.
Share this page: